In Elizabethan England, many people had new large houses nd lived very comfortable lives. There were houses such as hardwick hall which had 4 storeys and a large number of spacious rooms with glass windows, Blakesly Hall in Birmingham which had an upstairsand a downstairs which at the time was a luxury only to be afforded by the rich, a large chimney and fireplaces to keep the house warm andin addition to this there was glass windows which kept Blakesly hall well lit. 
In ELizabetham England, increasing poverty was becoming a big problem for many people especially as the population almost doubled, leaving a big supply and a small demand for jobs. There was also a rising price of bread which meant that many people couldnt afford to eat food and more and more people were becoming unemployed. Many people subsequently became beggars and those who refused to move on from where they were begging could be whipped, or if they stole food in order to survive, could face the punishment of being hanged. 
The Elizabethan Adventurers were wildly successful, colonising many different countries after starting off with no other settlements outside of England. There is a case to be made that some of the voyages, adventures and expeditions that these adventurers did were just as helpful to the English morale as they did for discovering new areas for settlements and colonies. Explorer Francis Drake claimed a huge victory over several spanish ships, raiding them for their gold and valuable assets. This was a huge morale boost for the englishh as at the time their main rivals in world domination was the Spanish. In addition to this, the East India company was hugely siccessful in setting up a new settlemtent in the island of Java which soon brought huge profits selling spices and herbs from South East Asia to back in ENgland. In terms of the education sector, the Elizabethan erawas one of rapid expansion. 136 new grammar schools opened around th country, and people started school at around 7 years old and left school at the age of 14. There was also large developments in the field of theatre and literature, with famous writer William Shakespeare being prolific in that period of time, and was celebrated for his outstanding works. There was alos many people that enjoyed Elizabethan 'merry making'. This included dancing around a maypole, drinking, generally dancing and playing sports on a may day. The richer people often tried to put a stop to the merrymaking of the poor peope as a way to control their behaviour. Many of the festivities were ended after richer people became involved. For things such as art however, England was massively behind that of countries such as Italy . EVen in terms of school and with the progress made with the aforementioned 136 new schools being opened, only 30% of men and 10%of women were literate which is overall, if there was a 50/50 men to women split, a 20 % overall literacy rate, which by modern day standards would be considered a very third world country. 
In Elizabethan schools a birch was used to beat children who misbehave. A quill pen is made of deather and is used for writing. A hornbook is used for reading and is made of a wooden bat. A grammar school is where the wealthiest children went to school. 
In the ELizabethan Era, teachers were often paid so little to teach the children that the students books would cost more than double their salary. You also used to be able to bring a knife into school. 
Schools have massively changed since the Elizabethan era, such as lessing their rules and making the punishments less about physical torture and instead moving towards mental ones, with punishments used to drive a child insane through boredom in order to teach them not to do said bad thing again.
And in hindsight playing cudgels in an elizabethan school seems frankly quite stupid. Whilst it would have been fun potentially to inflict the blows thanks to the naturally violent tendancies of human beings as a species. Betting on bloodsports is downright barbaric and forcing animals to fight and then placing bets on the outcome is cruel and potentially fatal for the involved animals. 
These sports are most likely banned now due to the cruelty and idiocy it must take in order to think up let alone be willing to partake in these activities. The creatures paricipating in the fights were treated terribly, wit one gettong killed every single time and with modern animal cruelty rights, thankfully this is no longer allowed to take place.
The number of poor people increased dramatically in Tudpr times due to the amount of closed monasteries, which used to take on a lot of unemployed people as well as helping others to stay on their feet financially and giving handouts to those in need. Many landowners also started to keep sheep on their land instead of renting it out to farmers at the time which firstly made people become unemployed and also raised the price of food thanks to their being no crops in order to grow it. 
Watchmen were simply people who looked out for crime. The justices of oeace were a lot more than just watchmen however. They looked after the roads and the bridges, checking alehouses and reporting people who continually didnt show up for church. WHen the watchmen reproted people, it was the justices of peace that gathered information and held the trials for them. 
We dont punish poor people and beggars anymore due to the relaxation of punishments now as well as there being handouts and other ways for poor or homeless people to try and get a job, get off the streets and restart their lives. 
I believe that kings and queens were treating beggars so badly was because they wanted to set an example for the rest of the nation. They didnt want their whole workforce to suddenly turn to begging in order to get money, instead discouraging begging by giving cruel and sometimes even fatal punishments to show what would happen if you werent in work and thereby encouraging Britain's people to work. 
Tudor women used to have shiny eyes. To do this they used to put belladonna in their eyes which we now know today is very dangerous and can cause you to potentially go blind. Tudor women wanted to be very whote because they believe that you were richer the whiter you looked. This is because only poor people went outside at the time, mainly to farm. In order to accomplish this they drank rosewater and donkeys milk, and applied whit lead and vinegar. If their face was badly scarred, then they used mercury in order to cover up the spots. Whie lead, which they used on the neck and face was extremely poisonous. It caused people to have open sores and to have more wrinkles. They also used to brush their teeth with the end of a stick which was dipped in brick dust and honey which made their teeth whiter. However, this did make their teeth smell and the brick dust removed the enamel on their teeth. They also bleached their hair in order to make it light in colour. They accomplished this with sulphur and lead which makes the hair fall out. 
The american speak english thanks to it being colonised by england back in 1621. 
Royalist supported crown
Parliamentarian supported parliament. 
Parliament needed a new model army in order to combat the younger, more determined ROyalist fighters. Thomas fairfax was given the task of reorganising and training new soldiers. The Parliament wanted disciplined and trained soldiers to be fighting for them. The new model army was a success because the Parliament gained several major wins and ultimately gained control of england. I believe that this was made public to england as a whole because these laws in the army were trying to help them win wars and show that their soldiers have to have a high level of discipline and by not doing any wrong such as stealing and harming anything whilst on their marches, they also gain favour with the people of the nation as the Royalist armies would often terrories towns whilst on their marches. This all helped them gain favour with the people as a whole.
Machines and factories were not very safe at all. No safety guards or measures and government regulations were non existent.  There were very strict rules in the factories, with punishments and fines commonplace. The common working day was around 12-14 hours per day with no spare time or time to play. Some factories were good, building villages and reducing work for ther employees. But these were very much the exceptions to the rule. The majority of workplaces had apppauling work conditions for employees. A pauper apprentice was an orphan who was sent to a factory in order to work for nothing but board and enough food to keep them alive. The paupers apprentices were treated unfairly with very little pay, being brutally punished for many things and much more. The punishments the paupers apprentices would recieve for breaking the factory rules included having your ear nailed, docking pay and many more. Factory owners chose to employ women and children as they were cheaper to employ with a woman and a child together costing about the same as a man doing the same job. THe apprentices were forced to live in awful confitions as their beds were shared, and the workers were often forced to top and tail with each other in order to all fit on a bed together. Conditions with children working in mines were particularly bad. There were children pushing coal carts through mine shafts and trappers to literally just open and close a door all day to alllow fresh air to get into the mines. The reformists were people who were pushing for childrens rights in factories, ultimately succeeding and helping living standards in factories become much better.
James Watt was an inventor that revolutionised travel and manufacturing and was a definining character in the Industrial revolution. He was born in Greenock in Scotaldn and his revolution changed the game when he invented the steam engine which was able to turn a wheel and drive machinery. his invention may not be as commonly used now but led the way for things after it and sent Britain into an Industrial Revolution. 
George Stephenson was born in Wylam Northumberland where he worked in a coalmine with his father. He designed the first steam powered train and revolutionised travel. He then created the first safety lamp for miners and created the first city to city train line. 
Michael Faraday was an extremely influential scientist and his research on electricity and magnetism led to the first mototr. His creation of a faraday cage is now the basis of MRI machines, he researched nanotechnology and gave his name to the Faraday effect. The basis of his theories are widely used now in everyday live and these changed things at the time by him introducing ground breaking new principles as well as him discovering benzene which had many uses before it was found to have an ill effect on health. 

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